Many people tend to suffer from altitude sickness. Anyone into trekking or hiking at several thousand feet above the sea level might be stricken. The condition comes in three variations. They are AMS or acute mountain sickness, HACE or high-altitude cerebral edema and HAPE or high-altitude pulmonary edema. It becomes easy to treat altitude sickness if the causes and signs of this problem are diagnosed early.
Altitude Sickness: Know The Causes
People who suffer from the condition find it difficult to breathe at higher altitudes. But why is it so? Their body reacts to the low oxygen they get at higher altitudes. To some extent, one’s hometown, and acclimatization are two essential causes of altitude sickness.
The basic foot-elevation cited for bringing about a reduction in the levels of oxygen is 8000 feet. Less intake of oxygen can result in the symptoms of altitude illness. Equally significant is the altitude of the place where a person lives. Since the human body gets accustomed to the oxygen levels at that particular altitude, it becomes difficult for people to breathe at higher altitudes.
It means that residents of sea-level towns have increased chances of suffering from the condition at 8, 000 feet elevation.
Treat Altitude Sickness By Knowing The Symptoms
The signs of altitude sickness and their development might vary from one person to another. Nevertheless, the right treatment for the condition will be taking the afflicted to a lower altitude.
Signs of Acute Mountain Sickness include fatigue, vomiting, nausea, and lethargy. Whether throbbing or steady, headaches are common signs of AMS. Signs of High-Altitude cerebral Edema include impaired balance and confusion. The victims will not be able to walk straight. The major symptoms of High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema include unexpected fatigue, gurgly and also wet cough and shortness of breath.
Treating Altitude Sickness
Over-the-counter medicines like acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen are highly effective in relieving HACE and AMS-associated headache. Nevertheless, the problem automatically resolves once the person descends at a lower altitude.
The sufferers should give their body the time to adapt to higher altitudes if they want to get rid of AMS and also HACE related headache.
Treatments such as the supply of pure oxygen work for the victims of altitude sickness. Even drugs such as Diamox can be useful in providing instant relief.
Preventing Altitude Ailment
The key to avoiding altitude sickness is managing ascent and also altitude. Doing this will help your body in adjusting its physiology to work in rarefied air. Giving your body the time to adapt to the high altitude will also be a major step.
Your breathing and heart rate will increase, and your blood will also grow higher amounts of red blood cells. Remaining cells within your body will also change slowly. Thus, they will be able to use available oxygen more efficiently. Remember how quickly your body can adapt to higher altitudes has nothing to do with your age, race, gender, or fitness level.