The World’s Highest Summit Of A Mountain By Continent

summit of a mountain

Mountaineers can all agree that climbing the Summit of a Mountain, the highest peaks on each of the world’s continents, is one of their sport’s pinnacles; getting them to decide which peaks make up the Seven Summits is more complicated. The issue is one of categorisation and perspective in terms of geography. For starters, there’s the question of whether Europe is regarded as part of Asia or a separate continent. If Eurasia is considered to be a single continent, there should be no more than summits. A couple of climbers created the two most popular schemes. 

The list of peaks collected and climbed by American mountaineer Dick Bass draws a line between Australia and Oceania; the list compiled and climbed by Italian mountaineer Reinhold Messner encompasses both. Because neither climber believes in Eurasia or is concerned about Mount Elbrus’ location, their inventories are identical.

Africa: Kilimanjaro

Mountain By Continent

Kilimanjaro, a volcanic massif in northeastern Tanzania near the Kenyan border, is Africa’s highest peak. The massif stretches 50 miles (80 kilometres) east-west and comprises three central extinct volcanoes, the youngest and tallest of which includes a central cone, Kibo, that rises to 19,340 feet (5,895 meters). German geographer Hans Meyer and Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller were the first to reach the Kibo summit in 1889. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park was founded in 1973 to conserve the mountain above the tree line and the six forest corridors that stretch downslope through the montane forest belt. In 1987, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Europe: Mount Elbrus

Mountain By Continent

Mount Elbrus, located in southern Russia, is the highest point in the Caucasus and Europe. This extinct volcano, which was formed more than 2.5 million years ago, contains twin cones that reach altitudes of 18,510 feet (5,642 metres) and 18,356 feet (5,356 metres) (5,595 meters). A British expedition led by Swiss guide Peter Knubel ascended the taller cone for the first time in 1874. The Kuban River is fed by 22 glaciers that cover Elbrus.

Asia: Mount Everest

Mount Everest, Asia’s and the world’s highest mountain, is located on the crest of the Great Himalayas in southern Asia, on the border between Nepal and China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The official Survey of India initially designated it as the highest point on the Earth’s surface in 1852, with a height of 29,035 feet (8,850 metres). Expeditions to the summit of Everest began in the 1920s. 

Still, it wasn’t until 1953 when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, members of a trip funded by the Royal Geographical Society and the Alpine Club, reached the summit without a doubt. The disappearance of George Mallory and Andrew Irvine in 1924, who may have reached the summit of a mountain before disappearing, remains a mystery. In 1975, Mallory’s body was discovered at 26,760 feet (8,156 metres); Irvine is still missing.


Climbing to the pinnacle provides physical, emotional, and spiritual gratification. As the author discovers, one might gain a complete understanding of oneself by ascending the ‘internal summit of a mountain.’ Overall, the climber is inspired to face life’s challenges with courage.

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