Tommy Caldwell is an American rock climber. He has climbed El Capitan, the Dawn Wall, The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite National Park, which IS three of the most famous rock climbs in the world. He achieved these routes by free climbing them which means they were climbed using only hands and feet with ropes for safety, as opposed to relying on pre-placed bolts and other protection.
Where was Tommy Caldwell born?
He was born on October 7, 1978, in Fort Collins, Colorado. He started climbing when he was 14 years old after his parents took him to a climbing gym in their hometown. Caldwell began his professional career in 2001 when he won the Bouldering World Cup in Vail, Colorado.
What is the Dawn Wall?
The Dawn Wall is a vertical rock formation in Yosemite National Park that is 3,000 feet high. It was first climbed in 1970 by Warren Harding and Dean Caldwell (no relation to Tommy), but it took them 27 days to do so. The Dawn Wall was first free climbed in 1975 by two men, Jim Bridwell and John Long. On January 14, 2015, Tommy Caldwell and Kevin Jorgeson completed the second free ascent of the Dawn Wall.
Climbing El Capitan was the first time Tommy climbed without any safety gear.
Does Tommy Caldwell always climb with no ropes?
No, he doesn’t climb with no ropes all the time. He typically uses ropes for safety, but he did climb El Capitan without any safety gear which made it more difficult.
Why did Tommy Caldwell do the Dawn Wall?
Caldwell and Jorgeson did the Dawn Wall because they wanted to be the first people to free climb it. They also wanted to show that it could be done.
What was the most difficult part of the Dawn Wall?
The most difficult part of the Dawn Wall was the so-called ” crux “, which is a difficult section of a climb. The crux of the Dawn Wall is a pitch called “King Swing”. This is a 160-foot slab of rock that only has a few small holds on it. Caldwell had to swing from one side of the slab to another without being able to use their feet.
What did Tommy Caldwell eat when he climbed El Capitan?
Tommy Caldwell would eat energy bars and drink energy drinks while climbing El Capitan. He would also eat a meal when he got down to the bottom of the cliff.
What does Tommy Caldwell do when he’s not climbing?
When Tommy Caldwell isn’t climbing, he works as a photographer and a speaker. He has also written a book about his Dawn Wall climb.
How many times has Tommy Caldwell climbed the Dawn Wall?
Tommy Caldwell has climbed the Dawn Wall six times. He has done it four times with a partner and twice by himself.
What awards has Tommy Caldwell won?
Tommy Caldwell has won several awards for his rock climbing, including:
- Bouldering World Cup (2001)
- Arco Rockmaster (2001)
- National Geographic Adventurer of the Year (2006)
- Professional Climber of the Year (2008)
- Hot Rockin’ Ice Ramble Award at Boston Mountain Festival (2011)
He was also awarded honorary doctorates from Northern Michigan University and the University of Colorado.
Futures plans of Tommy Caldwell :
Tommy Caldwell plans to continue climbing and to inspire others to pursue their dreams. He also plans to write more books and to continue speaking to groups about his experiences.