The Mountain Climbing


There is no fixed way to climb a mountain. That’s because a mountain has a very unpredictable topography. Some trails may be smooth and flat while others require a certain level of expertise. These different types of mountain climbing techniques are employed as necessary.

Mountaineering or alpine climbing

Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques
Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques

This is one of the most traditional types. It is scaling up a wall of rock using your bare hands. For some, mountaineering requires a familiarity with local cultures in order to access some mountain trails. You should also know how to cook, start a fire, and attend to medical emergencies.

Sport climbing

Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques
Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques

This climbing utilizes permanent anchors that are drilled into the rock. Another variation is that the climbers place and remove the anchors as they go. This climbing technique highlights one’s gymnastic-like abilities and endurance. This is a stricter discipline compared to the more adventurous types of mountain climbing.

Bouldering

Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques
Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques

This is a type of rock climbing. You do not use a rope which is why the climbs are usually short and there are crash pads present. This technique can be used in artificial indoor boulders or on large singular boulders outside.

Top rope climbing

Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques
Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques

This is also known as top-roping. You use a rope to climb and the rope is looped through an anchor system at the top. The goal is to climb up and down the rope without falling. This is applied on routes that cannot be climbed on foot. This is practiced by intermediate level climbers.

Free solo climbing

Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques
Different Types of Mountain Climbing Techniques

The climber is called the free soloist. He will not use anything like ropes, harnesses, or other protective gear. He will only use himself and his skills. This technique tests one’s strength, endurance, and fear of free-falling. This can only be performed by very skilled climbers or by idiots.

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